China coins dating calander
The month with its first day nearest the Beginning of Spring (the first solar term) is the first lunar month, and on that day the Spring Festival is held and this varies between January 20th and February 20th.
Just as the Gregorian calendar has a leap year in order to compensate for the fact that the earth does not travel around the sun in exactly 365 days, so the Chinese calendar is adjusted so as to ensure that it bears a proper relationship with the apparent movement of the sun between the northern and southern tropics.
Most months will have solar terms and but in those instances where a month has only one, it will be repeated with 29 or 30 days the same as normal month.The Japanese calendar is used, in particular, on Japanese coins and bank notes.The main feature of the Japanese calendar is: it is divided into the eras, coinciding with the reigns of this or that emperor. Lets take a look at the structure of the year inscription in the Japanese calendar on the following example: 1 name of the era (on this piece: 平成, Heisei); 2 the number of years elapsed since the beginning of the era up to the current year (on the image specified, that is: 二十二, 22); 3 character Nen, 年, translated as the year.The Han Dynasty rulers instituted the Taichu calendar, while during Tang Dynasty the Huangji calendar was introduced and it was adopted by Japan, Korea and Vietnam.With the founding of the Republic of China in 1912, the Gregorian calendar was brought into use.
You can use our Chinese Farmer's Almanac calendar (Tung Shing or Tung Shu) to find out things suggested to do or not to do for each day, and holidays and solar terms in each month.