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East Timor took two decades to settle down, and finally, after international intervention in the 1999 East Timorese crisis East Timor became an independent nation in 2002.Recent research into newly opened documents indicate that anti-Communism was not the main reason Western support for Indonesia's takeover of East Timor.On December 7, 1975, Ford and Kissinger met Indonesian President Suharto in Jakarta and indicated the United States would not take a position on East Timor.Indonesia invaded the next day, and took control of the government.With the end of the Cold War in 1989 and the resolution of the crisis in East Timor in 2000, relations between Indonesia and the United States have been untroubled. Rapprochement was made successful by Indonesia's transition from autocracy to democracy with free elections, and its effective counter-terrorism strategies. Obama's administration policy celebrates shared democratic values and interests, as well as the but also by recognition that Indonesia is an emerging power that will play an increasingly influential role in world affairs.
Indonesian nationalized more than a thousand Dutch companies, and nine out of 10 of the Dutch residents returned to the Netherlands.Both are democratic countries and each nation reciprocally recognizes the strategic importance of their counterpart. Washington threatened to cut off Marshall plan aid.Indonesian views of the United States have declined significantly during the Trump Administration, with 43% of Indonesians viewing the U. positively in 2018 (a near 20 point drop from the end of Barack Obama's term) compared to 42% who viewed the U. Indonesia finally gained full independence from the Netherlands in 1949.Post-invasion, American military aid averaged about million annually throughout the occupation of East Timor, and arms sales increased exponentially under President Carter.This policy continued until 1999, when Clinton was outraged by Indonesia's defiance of East Timor referendum results that heavily favored independence. Bush administration claim part of the credit by arguing that the Bush Doctrine advocated democracy as an antidote to terrorism, and Indonesia's experience vindicated the Doctrine.